Dionysius believed that if the planetary alignment marked the end of an age i. He therefore deducted 2, years from the May conjunction to produce AD 1  for the incarnation of Christ. The 15th century Italian Renaissance philosopher Giovanni Pico della Mirandola published a massive attack on astrological predictions, but he did not object to all of astrology and he commented on the position of the vernal point in his day. Pico was aware of the effects of precession of the equinoxes and knew that the first point of Aries no longer existed in the constellation of Aries.
Pico not only knew that the vernal point had shifted back into Pisces , he stated that in his time, the vernal point zero degrees tropical Aries was located at 2 degrees sidereal Pisces. This suggests that by whatever method of calculation he was employing, Pico expected the vernal point to shift into sidereal Aquarius age years later as a one degree shift takes 72 years.
The Earth, in addition to its diurnal daily rotation upon its axis and annual rotation around the Sun, incurs a precessional motion involving a slow periodic shift of the axis itself: approximately one degree every 72 years. This motion, which is caused mostly by the Moon's gravity , gives rise to the precession of the equinoxes in which the Sun's position on the ecliptic at the time of the vernal equinox, measured against the background of fixed stars, gradually changes with time.
In graphical terms, the Earth behaves like a spinning top, and tops tend to wobble as they spin. The spin of the Earth is its daily diurnal rotation. The spinning Earth slowly wobbles over a period slightly less than 26, years. From our perspective on Earth, the stars are ever so slightly 'moving' from west to east at the rate of one degree approximately every 72 years.
One degree is about twice the diameter of the Sun or Moon as viewed from Earth.
The easiest way to notice this slow movement of the stars is at any fixed time each year. The most common fixed time is at the vernal equinox around 21 March each year. In astrology, an astrological age has usually been defined by the constellation or superimposed sidereal zodiac in which the Sun actually appears at the vernal equinox. This is the method that Hipparchus appears to have applied around BC when he calculated precession. This means the Sun crosses the equator at the vernal equinox moving backwards against the fixed stars from one year to the next at the rate of one degree in seventy-two years, one constellation on average in about years, and the whole twelve signs in about 25, years, sometimes called a Platonic Year.
However the length of the ages are decreasing with time as the rate of precession is increasing. Therefore, no two ages are of equal length. Approximately every 26, years the zodiacal constellations, the associated sidereal zodiac , and the tropical zodiac used by western astrologers basically align. This alignment is often called the fiducial point and, if the fiducial point could be found, fairly exact timeframes of all the astrological ages could be accurately determined if the method used to determine the astrological ages is based on the equal-sized 30 degrees per age and do not correspond to the exact constellation configuration in the sky.
However this fiducial point is difficult to determine because while there is no ambiguity about the tropical zodiac used by western astrologers, the same cannot be said of the sidereal zodiac used by Vedic astrologers. Vedic astrologers do not have unanimity on the exact location in space of their sidereal zodiac. This is because the sidereal zodiac is superimposed upon the irregular zodiacal constellation, and there are no unambiguous boundaries of the zodiacal constellations.
Modern day astronomers have defined boundaries, but this is a recent development by astronomers who are divorced from astrology, and cannot be assumed to be correct from the astrological perspective.http://cpanel.wcs2015.org/106-a-buon-mercato.php
Learn Astrology by Brian Clark | Astro*Synthesis Astrology
While most astronomers and some astrologers agree that the fiducial point occurred in or around the 3rd to 5th centuries AD, there is no consensus on any exact date or tight timeframe within these three centuries. A number of dates are proposed by various astronomers and even wider timeframes by astrologers. For an alternative approach to calibrating precession, see Alternative approach to calibrating precession in New, alternative, and fringe theories section below.
As an example of a mystic contemporary approach to precession, in Max Heindel 's astrology writings,  it is described, that last time the starting-point of the sidereal zodiac agreed with the tropical zodiac occurred in AD A year after these points were in exact agreement, the Sun crossed the equator about fifty seconds of space into the constellation Pisces. The year following it was one minute and forty seconds into Pisces, and so it has been creeping backwards ever since, until at the present time the Sun crosses the equator in about nine degrees in the constellation Pisces.
Based on this approach, it will thus be about years before it actually crosses the celestial equator in the constellation Aquarius. However this is only one of many approaches and so this must remain speculation at this point of time. Symbol for Leo :. When the March equinox used to occur in Leo.
The major event in this age was deglaciation of what now constitutes much of the modern habitable world. The deglaciation ultimately caused a foot 90 m rise in the sea level. The sign Leo is a Fire sign and is mythically ruled by the Sun in astrology. Symbol for Cancer :. When the March equinox used to occur in Cancer ;. In astrologic mythology this age marks the beginning of civilization, with domestication of farm animals and nomadic people settling down to living in permanent dwellings.
Widespread evidence of the mother goddess in the Near East the 'mother' archetype in all shapes and forms is always related to the sign Cancer. Symbol for Gemini :. When the March equinox used to occur in Gemini ;. During this mythological age writing developed, [ dubious — discuss ] and trade started to accelerate.
The constellation can be seen as two people holding hands thought to be twins , believed by some [ who? In myths associated with the constellation of Gemini, both writing including literature, newspapers, journals, magazines, and works of fiction and trade including merchants are traditional archetypes belonging to the sign of Gemini. Multiple gods, such as the pantheon of gods in Ancient Greek literature, are believed to have appeared in this Gemini age [ dubious — discuss ] probably in Sumer Mesopotamia.
Symbol for Taurus :. When the March equinox used to occur in Taurus ;. Bull worshiping cults began to form in Assyria , Egypt , and Crete during this mythological age. Symbol for Aries :. When the March equinox used to occur in Aries ;. Aries represents a Fire symbol as well as bold actions, a lot of these behaviors can be seen during any age. However, the themes emphasised during this age relate to courage, initiative, war, and adventure.
Nations during this age such as the expanding empires of China , Persia , Greece , and Rome , are often cited as examples of the archetypes of Aries in action. Also the Aries constellation shows a ram running. This could correspond with the sacrifice of Abraham's Ram. According to the Roman state religion, the Roman people were the "Sons of Mars". Aries is associated with the metal iron , and iron ore was for the first time smelted and worked into iron swords in Anatolia during the early phase of this era, replacing the heavier, softer-metalled, duller-edged bronze swords of the previous Taurus Age.
Traits of Aries such as 'initiative' may suggest the explosion of originality in the development of social aspects, sciences and arts in regions such as Ancient Greece but at the same time traits such as 'Impulsivity' may be attributed to the various Wars of the time. The Age of Aries ushered in efforts to replace polytheism with monotheism.
The earliest known attempt was by the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten , who, in about BC, decreed the Sun God Aten to be the supreme deity, apparently in reaction to his earlier lack of inclusion in religious rites by his family. After his death, however, power reverted to the original polytheistic priests, who re-established the old religion. Speculation including that of Freud has it that later, during the reign of Ramesses II , Moses was influenced by rumour of Akhenaten's revolutionary idea, and grasped the idea of a single supreme God, who especially favoured his people, as an inspirational mechanism that best suited his people held in bondage.
The symbol of Aries can be seen as representing the power of multiple gods streaming down into a single god-head. Moses born c. These events may have occurred during the Age of Aries see also dating the Exodus. Symbol for Pisces :. While the March equinox occurs in Pisces ;. At the end of the Age of Pisces, the vernal equinox point will have moved into the constellation of Aquarius, thus beginning the Age of Aquarius. Various astrologers make widely varying claims about when the age will end or whether it has ended already.
The age of Pisces began c. With the story of the birth of Christ coinciding with this date,  many Christian symbols for Christ use the astrological symbol for Pisces,  the fishes. Pisces has been called the "dying god," where its sign opposite in the night sky is Virgo , or, the Virgin Mary. Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you bearing a pitcher of water This coincides with the changing of the ages, into the Age of Aquarius,  as the personification of the constellation of Aquarius is a man carrying pitchers of water.
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Aquarius also has a double rulership: Saturn is the traditional ruler and Uranus is the modern ruler. Saturn presides over structure and form and the status quo. Because Saturn tends to be rather rigid it is often associated with the rigidity of religious doctrine. Symbol for Aquarius :. When the March equinox occurs in Aquarius ;. In , at the Conference of the International Astronomical Union IAU in Leiden , the Netherlands , the edges of the 88 official constellations became defined in astronomical terms.
The edge established between Pisces and Aquarius locates the beginning of the Aquarian Age around the year The Austrian astronomer, Professor Hermann Haupt ,  examined the question of when the Age of Aquarius begins in an article published in by the Austrian Academy of Science: with the German title "Der Beginn des Wassermannzeitalters, eine astronomische Frage? However Haupt concludes:. The water-bearer may symbolize widespread transparent, peaceful, neighborly, and sustainable living. Furthermore, they see the appearance of dictators, self-expression, and the rising influence of the entertainment industry are linked to the Aquarian Age by its opposite sign Leo.
In popular culture, the expression "Age of Aquarius" usually refers to the heyday of the hippie and New Age movements of the s and s. The successful musical Hair , with its opening song " Aquarius " and the memorable line "This is the dawning of the age of Aquarius", brought the Aquarian Age concept to the attention of a huge worldwide audience.
This New Age phenomenon is seen by some astrologers to be marked by the conjunction of the planet Uranus, ruler of the sign Aquarius, and the coming age, with Pluto, ruler of the masses, bringing radical change, in the s. However, as the song relates, it is only considered by astrologers as the "dawning" or " cusp " of the Age, with the full strength of the Age not occurring until some time in the future. The Age of Capricorn will follow the Age of Aquarius approximately years after the beginning of the Age of Aquarius, but the actual date for the start of the Age of Capricorn depends upon which system is used to calculate the length of an age and which system is applied to mark the start of the Age of Aquarius.
There is no consensus on these matters but in broad terms, the Age of Capricorn can be expected to arrive somewhere from around the year to CE. Many research astrologers believe that the astrological ages can be divided into smaller sections along the lines of 'wheels within wheels'. The most common method is to divide each astrological ages into twelve sub-periods. Furthermore, some astrologers divide the ages in different ways. For example, Lcdr David Williams employs a decanate sub-division whereby each age is divided into three equal sections.
However Robert Hand believes that the moving Capricorn solstice point around 20 December near the modern New Year provides greater correlation to historical events compared to the vernal equinox. Patrizia Norelli-Bachelet used a variety of sub-periods including decans, but Patrizia advocated that the ninefold division of each sign was the most powerful and influential sub-division.
Vedic astrologers also apply their nakshatra star asterisms in place of the twelve zodiacal constellations.
UNIT 2 – THE ENERGIES OF LIFE
There are 27 nakshatras of 13 degrees 20 minutes each, thus the average length of a 'nakshatra' age is years. The most popular method of sub-dividing astrological ages is to divide each age equally into twelve sub-periods with the first sub-period Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, and so on, until the last sub-division, Pisces. Charles Carter was an early advocate of this approach. The alternative approach is to apply a method commonly used in Vedic astrology but with long antecedents also in western astrology. For example, the twelve dwadasamsa of Aquarius are Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, and so on, until the last dwadasamsa — Capricorn.
Technically this approach is based on attributes of both the twelfth and thirteenth harmonics of the zodiacal signs and can be considered to be halfway between the 12th and 13th harmonics. Due to the lack of consensus of almost all aspects of the astrological ages, except for the astrological ages relationship to precession of the equinoxes and the retrograde order of the astrological ages, there are alternative, esoteric, innovative, fringe and newly expressed ideas about the astrological ages which have not established credibility in the wider astrological community or amongst archeoastronomers.
Terry MacKinnell has developed an alternative approach to calibrating precession of the equinoxes to determine the Astrological Age. His major point of departure from the traditional modern approach is how he applies the vernal equinox to the zodiacal constellations. Instead of referring to the position of the Sun at the vernal equinox a 'modern' mathematical technique developed by the Greeks in the late 1st millennium BC , he refers to the heliacal rising constellation on the day of the vernal equinox.
This approach is based on the ancient approach to astronomical observations the same ancient period that also saw the invention of the zodiacal constellations prior to the development of mathematical astronomy by the ancient Greeks in the 1st millennium BC. All ancient astronomical observations were based on visual techniques. Of all the key techniques used in ancient times, the most common in Babylon most likely the source of astrology and most other ancient cultures were based on phenomena that occurred close to the eastern or western horizons.
The heliacal rising constellation at the vernal equinox is based on the last zodiacal constellation rising above the Eastern Horizon just before dawn and before the light of the approaching Sun obliterates the stars on the eastern horizon. Currently at the vernal equinox the constellation of Aquarius has been the heliacal rising constellation for some centuries. The stars disappear about one hour before dawn depending upon magnitude, latitude, and date. This one hour represents approximately 15 degrees difference compared to the contemporary method based on the position of the Sun amongst the zodiacal constellations.
Each age is composed of 30 degrees. Therefore, 15 degrees represents about half an age or about years. Therefore, based on the heliacal rising method, the Age of Aquarius arrived about 1, years earlier than the modern system. John H Rogers in part one of his paper Origins of the ancient constellations also states that using the ancient heliacal rising method compared to the modern solar method produces a result that is approximately 1, in advance.
It indicates the crossroads of two choices where you need to choose one that is more ethical. The card as your tarot is the sign that you need to be decisive and look for long term goals rather than sticking with small moments of pleasure. The Lovers as tarot is more a bit of advice for seeking commitments and personal integrity. The Chariot is your card, Cancer. In tarot reading for zodiac signs , the Chariot stands as a strong and dominant person. You are self-driven and focused on your goals.
Being ruled by water sign, you exhibit through various changes. The Chariot here reminds you to adapt through changes and take risks coming out of the secure environment. You, Leo, own the tarot of Strength in the tarot card reading for your zodiac. Like your symbol, the tarot card speaks of courage and immense physical strength. It is an indication that you have the power to conquer and hold amazing control over your emotions, feelings, mental and spiritual sphere.
The appearance of Strength is a sign that your strength will be tested and at that time you must leave your ego and choose humbleness for success. The Hermit is your card, Virgo. It is the card of solitude and shows your sensitivity towards the deceits of the outer world. The card advises you to take the time for yourself and think over self-introspection.
It asks you to explore yourself deeply and look over the real purpose of life to gain success and happiness. This is also an indication that you must open up yourself and share your knowledge with others.
You Libra can only be represented best with the Tarot card of Justice. The card in the tarot card reading is the sign of balance, fairness, and harmony.
Astro-Wheel of Life
As a tarot card for your zodiac sign, it asks you to weigh your needs with worldly desires so that you may fairly balance your life at every aspect. Justice in tarot card readings is also an advice that you must not always seek perfection but try to accept your flaws and create harmony. Scorpio, your Tarot Card is Death. Unlike its literal meaning, the card in tarot card reading is the sign of change and transformation to new.
It tells you to leave the past and transform yourself into a new and healthy you. The cards know you Scorpio and reflect your true nature to leave the old layers. It talks about your ability to detach yourself from the endings which you need to realize for peace and solace in life. Sagittarius, you are impatient and that is why you have got the Tarot of temperance for your zodiac sign. The card in tarot card readings is an indication of patience in every work. It is a suggestion that you need to hold your horses and gather the information for making a correct judgment.
The Temperance card reminds you to be focused and disciplined so that you may get through the middle of difficulties and achieve your goals. The Devil tarot card is your personal tarot, Capricorn. The Devil is the card of obsession and addiction. It is the sign of negativity that is afflicting you from inside and making you weak and unconfident. The Devil tarot ask you to face your shadow and remove all the negative thoughts, toxic beliefs that are making you expect the worst.
Forgive yourself for past and bring out your strengths so that you may live your dreams. You are the Star, Aquarius. The Star tarot card as your zodiac sign makes you the owner of the fortune and person with great stability. You are destined with amazing intuitive power and has been made the charge of the intellectual mind. The card in the tarot card reading is the reminder to not ignore your emotions and embrace the inner feelings.